Perhaps this is why its consumption does not quench thirst Manjari Chandra. Drinking water serves a range of purposes in our bodies, such as removing waste through urine; controlling body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure; and maintaining a healthy metabolism. Whether you’re a young professional or a high-flying executive, a sportsperson or a student – you all need to take care to keep your body well hydrated.
Every cell, tissue, and organ in your body needs fluids to work properly. Hydration isn’t just important during physical activity. Even if you aren’t exercising but are out in the sun on a hot and humid day or commuting for longer hours, your body is constantly losing fluids, leading you towards a state of dehydration. In such scenario if your water is further supplemented, it is good for the overall human body.
Drinking water, regardless of its source, may be subjected to one or more of a variety of treatment processes aimed at improving its safety and/or aesthetic quality. These processes are selected in each case according to the source water and the constituents and contaminants that require removal. Surface fresh waters will often undergo coagulation, sedimentation, rapid sand filtration and disinfection.
Ground waters, which are often naturally filtered, usually undergo less treatment that could be limited to disinfection alone. Other treatment processes may include pH adjustment, softening, corrosion control chemicals addition, alkalinity adjustment, carbon filtration/adsorption, membrane filtration, slow sand filtration and supplemental fluoridation.
In the course of treatment of fresh water, contaminants and some potentially beneficial nutrients will be removed and some might be added. Other waters, such as those treated by softening or membrane filtration may also undergo significant changes in their mineral content due to the treatment processes.
Thus, it is important to see whether the treated water lacks its essential nutrient qualities. There has been lot of development in water technology that supplements water with essential minerals. For instance, NutriTron+ cartridge in Dr. Aquaguard helps to supplement essential minerals and nutrient in one’s drinking water after purification process. Similarly, Biotron+ is another an innovative technology to make water more bio-permeable for nutrient transportation in to biological system.
This technology strives to create a multiple magnetic field for water and changes the macro-cluster water molecules to micro-cluster water molecules, thus makes water more permeable in to living cells.
Water is a nutrient on its own, helping every cell in your body function properly. Most people get about 20 percent of their water through food and the rest by drinking water or other beverages. To meet water-intake recommendations, men should drink about 13 cups of nonalcoholic fluids per day, while women should drink about 9 cups per day.
Plain water contains zero calories and is not a source of fat, protein or carbohydrates. Although pure water does not contain any additional nutrients, water often absorbs certain minerals and delivers them to your body when you drink. For example, tap water -- especially hard water -- may provide calcium and magnesium. Bottled mineral water may also contain these and other minerals, including sodium. Most drinking water naturally contains fluoride, and many cities and towns add fluoride to the water supply to help promote stronger teeth.
The nutrients sometimes found in drinking water at potentially significant levels of particular interest are:
Calcium – important in bone health and possibly cardiovascular health
Magnesium – important in bone and cardiovascular health
Fluoride – effective in preventing dental caries
Sodium – an important extracellular electrolyte, lost under conditions of excess sweat
Copper – important in antioxidant function, iron utilization and cardiovascular health
Selenium – important in general antioxidant function and in the immune system
Potassium is important for a variety of biochemical effects but it is usually not found in natural drinking waters at significant levels.
Health consequences of micronutrient deficiencies include increased morbidity, mortality due to reduced immune defense systems and impaired physical and mental development.
Deficiencies of several mineral elements, particularly iron and iodine, are the basis of health problems in many parts of the world. The enteric absorption of minerals from drinking water is determined by several factors including the intrinsic properties of particular chemical species that are present, physiological conditions of the gut environment, and exogenous factors related to the meal/diet in which the minerals are ingested. Water purifiers like Dr. Aquaguard with advanced technology may help in contributing some essential minerals through drinking water.
True hydration does not occur with demineralized water. Perhaps this is why its consumption does not quench thirst.
The absence of minerals in water leaches electrolytes from the body causing water retention (water in the extracellular fluid outside the cells) and osmotic changes in the blood. , For these reasons and many others, minerals should always be added back to water after any form of purification (distillation, reverse osmosis, deionization).
The writer is Senior Consultant Nutritionist, Max Healthcare and EC Member Indian Medical Academy for Preventive Health.